The objective of this study is to gather information on the forest villagers of Turkey, their dependence on the forest, and poverty and migration among them, and so to inform the development of forestry policies. 2037 households have been surveyed that take place in 202 villages in all over Turkey. Moreover, a survey asking general information on the village was implemented in each village. The households in each village were chosen randomly. UDA carried out regular on-the-spot checks during the survey application. Also, numbers of the surveyed households were kept daily, missing data was detected and the process was monitored.
In Turkey, forest villagers constitute a significant proportion of the country’s poor and are viewed as an important resource for managing forests. Over the past 35 years, migration to urban areas has reduced the population of forest villages from 18 to 7 million–a level that forest authorities consider critically low in terms of managing upland ecosystems sustainably. Declining rural population and the changing demographics of villages is thought to frequently lead to such issues as:
- Reductions of overall livestock numbers but with overgrazing near settlements;
- The increasing use of fire as a tool to manage pastures with consequent increase in the number and extent of landscape fires;
- A decrease of grazing in the more distant traditional summer pastures leading initially to tall cured grasses which are a fire risk, followed by the ingress of woody vegetation which eventually leads to changing ecology that can be often be detrimental to key rare and endangered species;
- The lack in workforce to undertake key forestry activities such as thinning and maintenance activities.
- Developed socio-economic survey for Turkey based on existing forestry module in line with World Bank`s Living Standard Measurement Surveys (LSMS)
- Organized several workshops with stakeholders and donors
- Developed sampling strategy and selection of representative sample
- Provided pre-test of survey
- Developed on-line data collection interface for tablets
- Designed GIS database
- Developed of data quality control rules
- Cleaned collected data
- Provided multivariate statistical analysis of data
- Developed report with analysis of the situation