Armenia’s forests make up less than 10% of its total land area, and have declined by over 10% since 1993. Despite its limited and diminishing land area, Armenia’s forests provide important services for the local population and for the national economy. There are a range of degrees to which populations can be considered ‘forest dependent’, whether they are geographically proximate or ‘rural’, the degree to which their livelihoods depend on the consumption of forest products, the degree to which they benefit from forest ecosystem services, and the degree to which they have ownership over these resources. The objective of this activity is to increase the understanding of the linkages between poverty, forest dependence and rural energy use in Armenia in support of more informed and efficient public policy making and development investments around forestry and energy in the country. The study will support the production of systematic, quantitative and repeatable information on the role of sustainable forest management for rural households to inform Hayantar’s policies and practices, as well as other relevant stakeholders in the GoA.